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Epidemiology and Analysis

Beneficiaries of Epidemiology and Analysis Surveillance Report from the U.S. military

The Epidemiology and Analysis (E&A) section performs comprehensive surveillance and analyses of health-related information among military service members and military-associated populations. The E&A section also provides oversight and direction to the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch (AFHSB) satellites located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; Dayton, Ohio; and Portsmouth,Va. The satellites have direct interaction with the U.S. military services public health and epidemiology centers, and provide coordinated support and reports for AFHSB and the military services.

E&A leverages two major health surveillance tools maintained by AFHSB's Data Management and Technical Support section to help its staff of epidemiologists, preventive medicine physicians, and data analysts provide timely analyses and reports of actionable health information:

The use of these tools allows E&A to provide health surveillance products to DoD policymakers, military commanders, health care providers, public health officers, and researchers.

E&A's main lines of effort are:

Visual examples of DMSS Reports from the Epidemiology and Analysis Section  at AFHSB

DMSS Data and DoDSR Serum Requests

The E&A section receives requests for DMSS data and DoDSR serum specimens from numerous DoD health surveillance professionals and researchers by email. The types of requests made to AFHSB include: operational public health practice, research support, and clinical support. To request operational public health or surveillance data, please fill out this form. For clinical data requests, please use this form.  If you are requesting data for a research study, please submit the study protocol. Each request is evaluated for factors such as military relevance, status as research versus public health practice, scientific integrity, and feasibility. 

To make a request for data, analysis or serum, the requester must meet certain criteria including:

  • A requester must be a military service member or government employee working for a U.S. military organization.
  • For research studies, there must be at least one military principal investigator (PI).
  • The study/ analysis must address a military-relevant topic.

Specimens contained in the DoDSR are available to researchers and other investigators within the DoD for a fee. However, this fee is waived for investigators requesting fewer than 100 specimens.  At a minimum study protocols should provide clear objectives and hypotheses. Protocols should include a title page with the PI’s contact information, background/literature review section, military relevance and benefit to the military/MHS population, methods for determining the population, exposures, and outcomes, sample size calculations, methods for statistical analysis, serologic assays to be performed (if applicable), measures to protect privacy, and direction on where to send the final data sets and serum samples. The protocol must clearly:

i. Identify the study population of interest;
ii. Define the specific inclusion and exclusion criteria;
iii. Define the matching criteria for cases and controls (if applicable);
iv. Specify the requirements for serum sample selection (if applicable); and
v. Provide sufficient details on all required variables, their categorization, and handling of time-varying covariates.

The study protocol should be submitted to the AFHSB prior to submission to the military Institutional Review Board/Human Use Committee (IRB/HUC) so that the AFHSB can determine if the request can be supported.

Learn More About E&A

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Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE)

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This fact sheet describes the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics, or ESSENCE. ESSENCE is a global and Military Health System (MHS) monitoring capability for early detection of imminent health threats impacting force readiness for active duty service members.

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