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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 444,328 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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PRA Training Video 6: The Return to Duty Screening

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7/22/2021
Thumbnail image of PRA training video 6, the return to duty screening

In this lesson, we cover how to perform the Return to Duty, or RTD screening, which now includes both vestibular/physical and neurocognitive examinations. The purpose of the RTD screening is to objectively measure whether a service member is ready for return to full duty. Each video in the Progressive Return to Activity training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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PRA Training Video 7: Symptom-Guided Management and Specialty Referral Guidance Tables

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7/22/2021
Thumbnail image of PRA training video 7, the symptom-guided management and specialty referral guidance tables.

This lesson covers how to use the Progressive Return to Activity, or PRA's Symptom-Guided Management and Specialty Referral Guidance tables. This lesson also details primary care management strategies for service members who are not progressing as expected in the PRA. Each video in the Progressive Return to Activity training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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PRA Training Video 8: Clinical Case Scenario

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7/22/2021
Thumbnail image of PRA training video 8, clinical case scenario.

This is an interactive clinical case scenario to test your understanding in applying the Progressive Return to Activity (PRA). We hope this will help medical providers become more familiar with the PRA process when treating service members with concussion. Each video in the PRA training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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Caregiver Guide supports service members and veterans with TBI

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7/22/2021
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Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence’s 2021 Caregiver Guide provides specific tools to help caregivers manage TBI patient recovery.

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2020 TBICoE Annual Report

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7/9/2021

2020 Traumatic Brian Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) Annual Report.

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TBI Hot Topics Bulletin May 2021

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7/8/2021

The TBI Hot Topics Bulletin is a product of the TBICoE research branch and provides a quarterly summary of TBI research relevant to health care providers. This issue covers research published January to March 2021.

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Traumatic Brain Injury: A Guide for Caregivers of Service Members and Veterans

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7/7/2021

The 2021 "Traumatic Brain Injury: A Guide for Caregivers of Service Members and Veterans" is a recovery support tool to assist caregivers of service members and veterans who have sustained a traumatic brain injury at any severity level.

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TBI Caregiver Support Forms

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6/29/2021

This is a fillable and printer-friendly version of the forms available in the "Traumatic Brain Injury: A Guide for Caregivers of Service Members and Veterans."

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Aphasia, Caused by Stroke or TBI, is Frustrating and Little Known

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6/29/2021
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Aphasia is an incurable disease usually caused by stroke that affects all forms of communication.

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NICoE Education Webinar Series: July Poster

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6/25/2021

Service Members and TBI: The Not So Invisible Wound

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NICoE Education Webinar Series: June Poster

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Combat-related Concussion: Understanding Trajectories of Long-term Clinical and Imaging Outcomes

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Progressive Return to Activity Following Concussion/mTBI Patient and Leadership Guide

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The Progressive Return to Activity Following Concussion/mTBI Patient and Leadership Guide alerts command and line leaders about the PRA process and provides service members with appropriate activities for each stage of their recovery.

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TBICoE Virtual Quarterly Education Series: July 2021

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The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence is hosting a caregiver education series to learn about TBI caregiver resources, mind-body wellness exercises, and current research in the field.

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TBI Topic Page Review Form

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5/21/2021

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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Signs and symptoms of a stroke, and what to do about them

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For Stroke Awareness Month, we highlight some of the most important facts about strokes in men and women.

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