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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 453,919 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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Tackling Concussions: NCAA-DOD CARE Consortium Battles Brain Injuries

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1/6/2022
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Dr. Paul Pasquina and Dr. Terry Rauch recently discussed the NCAA-DOD Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium, the largest concussion and repetitive head impact study in history, on the NCAA’s “Social Series.”

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Dizziness and Visual Problems After Concussion

Infographic
1/4/2022
Dizziness and Visual Problems After Concussion

More than 80% of all concussions—also known as a mild traumatic brain injury— in the military are considered mild. Dizziness and visual problems are among the most common symptoms after concussion and often resolve within days or weeks. This infographic reviews common signs and symptoms to look out for.

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TBI Hot Topics Bulletin, December 2021 Edition

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12/8/2021

The TBI Hot Topics Bulletin is a product of the TBICoE research branch and provides a quarterly summary of TBI research relevant to health care providers. This issue covers research published July through September 2021.

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2021 Q2 DOD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

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10/14/2021

TBICoE is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking traumatic brain injury data in the U.S. military. Here you’ll find data on the number of active-duty service members—anywhere U.S. forces are located—with a first-time TBI diagnosis in the second quarter of calendar year 2021. The data is also broken down by each branch of the armed services.

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2000-Q2 2021 DOD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

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10/14/2021

TBICoE is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking traumatic brain injury data in the U.S. military. Here you’ll find data on the number of active-duty service members—anywhere U.S. forces are located—with a first-time TBI diagnosis from calendar year 2000 through the second quarter of 2021. The data is also broken down by each branch of the armed services.

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USU Co-leads Largest NCAA-DOD Concussion Study in History

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10/8/2021
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The Uniformed Service University will co-lead the next phase of the largest concussion and repetitive head impact study.

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Back from the Brink: One Marine's Recovery from Suicidal Thoughts

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9/29/2021
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After suffering a TBI in Iraq and losing all four limbs in Afghanistan, Marine Sgt. John Peck talks about his own experience and the differences in the ways in which individuals deal with traumatic life events.

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Concussion Linked to Depression, Anxiety and PTSD, Studies Show

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9/28/2021
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A clear link between blast-related concussions and mental health symptoms like depression, anxiety, and PTSD, is shown in a series of recent studies.

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NICoE, NHRC Team Up To Make CAREN Technology Portable

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8/12/2021
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Head-mounted display technology has become more affordable and accessible

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Did You Know? Concussions - Mild TBI

Infographic
8/3/2021
Did You Know? Concussions - Mild TBI

Concussions are the most common form or Traumatic Brain Injury in the Military. Be TBI ready!

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Concussion Awareness V1

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8/3/2021
Concussion Awareness V1

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 439,609 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

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PRA Case Study Workbook

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7/23/2021

This workbook, paired with corresponding PRA Training Video 8, is an interactive clinical case scenario to test your understanding in applying the Progressive Return to Activity. We hope this will help medical providers become more familiar with the PRA process when treating service members with concussion.

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PRA Training Video 6: The Return to Duty Screening

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7/22/2021
PRA Training Video 6: The Return to Duty Screening

In this lesson, we cover how to perform the Return to Duty, or RTD screening, which now includes both vestibular/physical and neurocognitive examinations. The purpose of the RTD screening is to objectively measure whether a service member is ready for return to full duty. Each video in the Progressive Return to Activity training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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PRA Training Video 8: Clinical Case Scenario

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7/22/2021
PRA Training Video 8: Clinical Case Scenario

This is an interactive clinical case scenario to test your understanding in applying the Progressive Return to Activity (PRA). We hope this will help medical providers become more familiar with the PRA process when treating service members with concussion. Each video in the PRA training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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PRA Training Video 3: Understanding Relative Rest

Video
7/22/2021
PRA Training Video 3: Understanding Relative Rest

In this lesson we explain the differences between complete rest and relative rest in a staged concussion recovery process, and provide examples of activities that promote relative rest. The revised Progressive Return to Activity (PRA) Clinical Recommendation uses the term 'relative rest' to emphasize the importance of early introduction of physical and cognitive activities that do not provoke symptoms following TBI. Each video in the PRA training series is designed to support primary care providers' ability to manage concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI).

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Last Updated: May 19, 2022

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