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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 434,618 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DoD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoE@mail.mil.

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MHS Minute March 2021

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4/1/2021
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March marked Brain Injury Awareness month in the military. We're spotlighting efforts across the MHS to combat Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), and better understand how TBI impacts our Service members. For more information about the National Intrepid Center of Excellence (NICoE), go to walterreed.tricare.mil/NICoE For more info on the Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), go to Health.mil/TBICoE

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Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

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3/8/2021
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A TBI is a blow or jolt to the brain that can be life-altering if the symptoms are not recognized. If you or a loved one experience the symptoms mentioned in this video, speak to a health care professional for more information.

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Progressive Return to Activity After Concussion Video

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2/25/2021
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The PRA is an evidence-based, easy-to-use approach to help providers return service members with mild TBIs back to duty safely. TBICoE researchers have found that, if medical providers completed a two-hour, in-person training on the use of the PRA, their patients saw an overall reduction in symptoms after one week, one month, and three months, when compared to patients treated by providers who had not received the training.

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Sleep and TBI

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2/8/2021
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Sleep disturbances are common for service members and veterans following a mild TBI, also known as concussion.

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TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

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11/17/2020
TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

While he was deployed, retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Victor Medina was in a vehicle that was hit by an explosive device. He sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) that severely impaired some of his physical functions and ability to speak. Medina’s wife, Roxana Delgado, continued her pursuit of a Ph.D. in health sciences and became his caregiver. As they adjusted to a life neither one of them had imagined, their marriage became a new kind of partnership.

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TBI Champion Gary Moran

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11/17/2020
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SGM Gary D. Moran shares his TBI recovery story, and tips for talking to kids about TBI.

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TBI Champion Micah Norgard

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11/16/2020
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After 12 years as an infantryman, Norgard's biggest battle was recognizing the cumulative effects of multiple TBIs.

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Find Your Story: TBI Champions

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11/16/2020
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In this video, A Head for the Future’s TBI Champions share their experiences with traumatic brain injury and resources that helped them through recovery. They can help you too.

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TBI Champion Derek Poor

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11/16/2020
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While instructing hand-to-hand combat training, U.S. Army Special Forces veteran Derek Poor slammed his head against a wall and sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Seeing stars and unable to shake his persistent, daily headaches, Poor sought help.

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Talking TBI: Talking to Kids

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11/16/2020
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While on patrol in Iraq, former U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Maj. Gary Moran was knocked unconscious by an improvised explosive device, resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Gary and his son discuss how TBI affected their relationship early on and ultimately brought them closer together.

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Talking TBI: Going Back to School

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11/16/2020
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Marine Corps veteran Chris shares his experience going back to school following his TBI.

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TBI Champion Dalton Mask

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11/16/2020
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Facing a long road to recovery following his TBI, Dalton remained positive and participated in the 2019 Warrior Games.

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TBI Champion Beth King

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11/16/2020
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Army veteran Beth King was on a routine mission when her helicopter was struck by an RPG, ultimately resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this video, Beth shares the impact of her TBI and how she discovered her new passion along the way — recumbent biking.

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Talking TBI: Connect with Others

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11/16/2020
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Navy veteran Amanda Burrill and Army veteran Elana Duffy had a few things in common: They both lived in New York City, experienced traumatic brain injuries (TBI) while in service and were coping with the injuries alone. Until they met each other.

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MACE 2 Provider Training Video

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9/29/2020
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This video illustrates how to conduct a MACE 2 training event. This video supports the MACE 2 and its training materials created by the Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence.

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