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Epidemiology and Analysis

Beneficiaries of Epidemiology and Analysis Surveillance Report from the U.S. military

The Epidemiology and Analysis (E&A) section performs comprehensive surveillance and analyses of health-related information among military service members and military-associated populations. The E&A section also provides oversight and direction to the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch (AFHSB) satellites located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; Dayton, Ohio; and Portsmouth,Va. The satellites have direct interaction with the U.S. military services public health and epidemiology centers, and provide coordinated support and reports for AFHSB and the military services.

E&A leverages two major health surveillance tools maintained by AFHSB's Data Management and Technical Support section to help its staff of epidemiologists, preventive medicine physicians, and data analysts provide timely analyses and reports of actionable health information:

The use of these tools allows E&A to provide health surveillance products to DoD policymakers, military commanders, health care providers, public health officers, and researchers.

E&A's main lines of effort are:

Visual examples of DMSS Reports from the Epidemiology and Analysis Section  at AFHSB

Surveillance Data and DoDSR Serum Requests

The E&A section receives requests for DMSS data and DoDSR serum specimens from numerous DoD health surveillance professionals and researchers by email. These requests focus on ensuring the health of the U.S. military. Each request is evaluated for factors such as military relevance, status as research versus public health practice, scientific integrity, and feasibility. Past requests have involved:

  • Tracking service members' health status before and after deployment
  • Communicable diseases
  • Chronic illness and injuries
  • Vaccination rates as well as vaccine effectiveness and safety
  • Sero-epidemiologic surveillance and research studies

To make a request for data, analysis or serum, the requester must meet certain criteria including:

  •  A requester must be a military service member or government employee working for a U.S. military organization.
  • The study/ analysis must address a military-relevant topic.
  • The types of requests made to the AFHSB include: Operational Public Health Practice, Research Support, and Clinical Support.

Learn More About E&A

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2016 marks first year of zero combat amputations since the start of the Afghan, Iraq wars

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3/28/2017
An analysis by the Medical Surveillance Monthly Report recently reported 2016 marks the first year without combat amputations since the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq began. U.S. Armed Forces are at risk for traumatic amputations of limbs during combat deployments and other work hazards. (DoD photo)

An analysis by the Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR) recently reported 2016 marks the first year of zero combat amputations since the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq began.

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Cold injuries among active duty U.S. service members drop to lowest level since winter 2011–2012

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U.S. service members often perform duties in cold weather climates where they may be exposed to frigid conditions and possible injury.

Cold injuries among active duty U.S. service members drop to the lowest level since winter 2011-2012, according to a study published in Defense Health Agency’s Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch (AFHSB) peer-reviewed journal, the Medical Surveillance Monthly Report.

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Respiratory infections surveillance program aims to keep service members ready to serve

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Respiratory infections pose a significant risk to service members and their families. The start of the flu season marks a busy period for the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch’s (AFHSB) respiratory infections surveillance program that conducts tests to identify influenza and other respiratory pathogens in an effort minimize their impact on the ...

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Preventive medicine helps shape surveillance efforts to keep service members healthy

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Colonel Loveless discusses with staff medical surveillance analysis that helps maintain force health protection and readiness among service members (Courtesy Photo)

The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch is running a series featuring preventive medicine doctors and their work in public health. Army Lieutenant Colonel P. Ann Loveless is the Chief of Satellite Support for AFHSB’s Epidemiology and Analysis section. She is a physician and holds a master’s degree in epidemiology. She reflects on how her ...

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The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch is running a series featuring preventive medicine doctors and their work in public health. Lieutenant-Commander Vincent Beswick-Escanlar is a recent graduate of the preventive medicine residency at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU). As part of the USU program, Beswick-Escanlar ...

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AFHSB deputy director reflects on career in military medical surveillance

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Dr. Jose "Toti" Sanchez, deputy director of AFHSB, delivers presentation at African Partner Outbreak Response Alliance sponsored by U.S. Africa Command in support of military medical surveillance. (Courtesy Photo)

The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch is running a series featuring its preventive medicine doctors and how it influences their work. Dr. Jose Sanchez began his career in epidemiology and public health in 1980 as an Army public health officer. Known to his colleagues as “Toti,” Dr. Sanchez is now AFHSB’s Deputy Chief. He reflects on his past ...

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