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Biological Surveillance Tools

The Force Readiness and Health Assurance (FR&HA) and Medical Countermeasures (MCM) divisions of Health Readiness Policy & Oversight help carry out and advocate the use of Health Surveillance activities within the Department of Defense. These initiatives provide early warning of infectious disease outbreaks, hazardous environmental exposures, or possible bioterrorist attacks by spotting trends of public health importance. The Director of Global Health Surveillance is responsible for supporting the collection and generation of reports that cover diseases, injury, occupational / environmental health, mortality, and outbreaks.

Check out our Environmental Exposures page to learn more on CB agents and deployment-related exposure incidents and trends.

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Human Subject Research at Fort Detrick

Report
5/8/2015

The U.S. Army established its offensive Biological Warfare program at Fort Detrick in 1943. The purpose of the program was twofold: develop defensive mechanisms against biological attack and develop weapons with which the United States could respond “in kind” if attacked by an enemy who used biological weapons.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Biological Surveillance Tools | Environmental Exposures | Cold War

Mustard Disaster at Bari

Report
5/8/2015

Bari lies along the Adriatic Sea at the top of the heel of the boot of Italy (See Figure 1). During World War II, the port of Bari was under the jurisdiction of the British and was the main supply base for General Montgomery’s Eighth Army as well as the headquarters for the American Fifteenth Air Force which was activated in November 1943.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Biological Surveillance Tools | Environmental Exposures | Cold War

Edgewood Arsenal Chemical Agent Exposure Studies

Report
5/8/2015

Edgewood Arsenal has been the center of chemical warfare research and development since 1918. Therefore, it is not surprising that Edgewood Arsenal became the research hub for chemical agent testing on human subjects from 1955 through 1975. The great majority of the use of volunteers in medical (chemical) research occurred at this installation.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Biological Surveillance Tools | Environmental Exposures | Cold War

Field Testing of Hallucinogenic Agents

Report
5/8/2015

Hallucinogenic agents (principally LSD) were tested on human subjects primarily at Edgewood Arsenal. The aim of this experimentation was to determine the effects of these chemicals on the nervous systems and mental functions of individuals and to evaluate preventive and therapeutic (treatment) agents to combat these effects.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Biological Surveillance Tools | Environmental Exposures | Cold War
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