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Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

infographic about mosquito bite preventionTo prevent an outbeak of any mosquito-borne illness, its important to control the mosquito population and protect yourself from mosquito bites. 

  • Use insect repellant
  • Treat your clothing and gear if you'll be outside
  • Mosquito-proof your home

Traveling Overseas? 

Mosquito bites are bothersome enough, but when you consider risks, like getting sick with Zika, dengue, chikungunya or other mosquito-borne illness, its important to protect yourself and your family when traveling overseas. 

Avoid Mosquito Bites

  • Research your travel destination: Learn about country-specific travel advice, health risks, and how to stay safe by visiting CDC Travelers' Health website.
  • Use insect repellent: Use an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellent. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  • Cover up: Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Keep mosquitoes outside: Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens. If you are not able to protect yourself from mosquitoes inside your home or hotel, sleep under a mosquito bed net.

After Your Trip

Visit your healthcare provider right away if you develop a fever, headache, rash, muscle or joint pain.

  • Tell your doctor about recent international travel.
  • Visit the CDC's Getting Sick after Travel webpage for more information.

Publications and Resources

File Description
Mosquito Control for Urban Areas This brochure from the Air Force Civil Engineer Center offers tips for controlling the mosquito population in urban areas.
Mosquito Control Trifold Brochure titled, "Mosquitoes: Not in my backyard!"
Mosquito Door Hanger A door hanger titled, "Mosquitos: Not in my backyard!"
Mosquito Trap-N-Kill The Mosquito Trap-N-Kill is a reusable mosquito trap that both attracts and kills day-biting container-breeding mosquitoes that live around homes.
Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers Mosquitoes spread many types of viruses and parasites that can cause diseases like chikungunya, dengue, Zika, and malaria. If you are traveling to an area where malaria is found, talk to your healthcare provider about malaria prevention medication that may be available. This fact sheet provides tips for preventing mosquito bites when you're traveling.
DoD Skin Repellents This fact sheet lists repellent products are intended for use on exposed skin and not for treating uniforms.
Mosquito Bite Prevention (United States) Not all mosquitoes are the same. Different mosquitoes spread different viruses and bite at different times of the day. This fact sheet provides guidance for preventing mosquito bites in the U.S.
Protecting Yourself and Your Home From Mosquitoes This fact sheet lists several easy steps you can take to protect yourself and home from mosquitoes
Aedes Surveillance and Control Plan for U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Installations This document is intended as general guidance concerning surveillance and control of Aedes spp. mosquitoes - the primary human vectors for dengue, chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and Zika virus.
Armed Forces Pest Management Board Technical Guide No. 47: Aedes Mosquito Vector Control This guide is designed to serve as a quick reference for the identification, surveillance, and control of the mosquito species that transmit Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya.
Help Control Mosquitos that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses This CDC Fact Sheet provides tips to protect yourself, your family and community from mosquitoes.
Going to the American Tropics? Poster targeted to travelers about protecting themselves from mosquito bites.
Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites Poster depicting ways to protect yourself from mosquitos that spread illnesses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika virus.
Recently in the American Tropics? Poster targeting travelers returning from trips from the American Tropics depicting signs of symptoms of possible mosquito-borne illnesses.
Mosquito Control & Bite Prevention: Educational Flipbook Mosquitoes can spread viruses like Zika, chikungunya, and dengue.This flipbook gives basic information about mosquito control activities and how to protect from mosquito bites. Mosquito control approaches that incorporate community education, and mosquito surveillance and control are often called “integrated vector control.” A vector is an insect, like a mosquito, that can spread viruses.

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