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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito-borne illness is a significant public health concern, both to the Department of Defense (DoD) and to the broader national and international public health community. Here, we provide a collection of resources to assist in education and risk communication for partners and stakeholders on issues relating to mosquito control and prevention, as well as the prevention of mosquito-borne infectious disease.

Did you know?

Adult mosquitoes don't usually survive the high winds of a hurricane, but flood waters after the storm will result in large populations of floodwater mosquitoes. These "nuisance" mosquitoes don't typically spread viruses that can make you sick. However, the types of mosquitoes that can spread viruses may increase anywhere from 2 weeks to 2 months after a hurricane, especially in areas that didn't flood but received more rainfall than usual. >>Learn More about Mosquitoes & Hurricanes

Learn about Prevention of Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

We are focusing on the specific illnesses below, but this list could be expanded in the future:

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Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

Policy

With this update, CDC is expanding its existing recommendations to cover all pregnant couples, which includes pregnant women with female sex partners. This guidance also describes what other couples (those who are not pregnant or planning to become pregnant) can do to reduce the risk for Zika virus transmission. CDC’s recommendations for couples planning to become pregnant have been published separately (9).

A human vaccine for the Zika virus may be coming soon

Video
7/22/2016
Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a vaccine for the Zika virus. They received a strain of the virus from Puerto Rico in November 2015, and have since created a purified inactivated virus, like the flu shot. The vaccine is called ZPIV, and so far, it looks promising that military medical research will be a key contributor to preventing the continued spread of the Zika virus.

Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a possible vaccine for the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Immunization Healthcare | Medical Research and Development

Zika: Protecting Children from Mosquito Bites at Camp

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to parents, provides tips to keep their children healthy while at camp.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Summer Safety | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika: Protecting Camp Staff and Staffers

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to Camp Administrators provides tips to keep staff and campers healthy while at camp.

Recommended Content:

Zika Virus | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Summer Safety

Chikungunya Infection Among MHS Beneficiaries in the Western Hemisphere

Infographic
6/22/2016
the Disease Reporting System Internet (DRSi). It also describes signs and symptoms of Chikungunya infection.  As of February 2015 there have been 121 Chikungunya (CHIK) cases among DoD healthcare beneficiaries reported through the DRSI. Chikungunya fever is caused by infection with the CHIKV an alphavirus of the Togavirdae family. All DoD Cases were contracted OCONUS.  Just the facts  •	Since 2013, 46 countries or territories in the Americas have reported 2,006,363 chikungunya cases. •	The CDC has not reported new imported CHIKV cases in the United States since January 12, 2016. •	The virus is commonly transmitted to people via the bite of an infected mosquito of the genus Aedes (A. Aegypti or A. albopictus). •	Long lasting immunity seems to result after recovery from the infection but there is no vaccine available to prevent illness due to CHIKV infection.  For more information on Chikungunya guidance on detecting and reporting DoD cases, visit Health.mil/AFHSB.

This infographic describes the number of Chikungunya cases among DoD beneficiaries reported through the Disease Reporting System Internet (DRSi). It also describes signs and symptoms of Chikungunya infection.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Chikungunya | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika Virus and Sexual Transmission

Infographic
6/21/2016
infographic about sexual transmission of the Zika virus

Zika virus can be spread by a man with Zika to his sex partners. This infographic provides tips for avoiding sexual transmission of the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika Virus and Pregnancy

Infographic
6/21/2016
infographic about Zika virus and pregnancy

Zika can cause certain birth defects. This infographic offers information to pregnant women about how to protect themselves from the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Women's Health

Planning a trip?

Infographic
6/17/2016
Infographic about planning ahead to protect against mosquito borne illness on a trip

Do your homework to protect yourself from mosquito-borne illnesses

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Viruses Like Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya

Infographic
6/17/2016
Infographic about preventing Mosquitoes

Mosquito-borne illnesses are a major public health concern. Follow these tips to help control mosquitoes around your home and in your community.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Recently in the American Tropics?

Publication
6/14/2016

Poster targeting travelers returning from trips from the American Tropics depicting signs of symptoms of possible mosquito-borne illnesses.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites

Publication
6/14/2016

Poster depicting ways to protect yourself from mosquitos that spread illnesses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

How is the U.S. Military Dealing with Zika?

Video
6/7/2016
Zika image

The Defense Department is closely monitoring the spread of the Zika virus and is working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assist in virus surveillance, response and research efforts.

Recommended Content:

Zika Virus | Global Health Engagement | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Going to the American Tropics?

Publication
6/4/2016

Poster targeted to travelers about protecting themselves from mosquito bites.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Estimated Range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Mosquitos in the U.S.

Publication
4/1/2016

These maps represent CDC's best estimate of the potential range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the United States. Maps are not meant to represent risk for spread of disease.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Strategy for Control of Zika Virus Transmitting Mosquitos on Military Installations and Housing Areas

Policy

This memorandum establishes a Department-wide strategy for vector surveillance, testing, and control on military installation and housing areas in locations within the distribution range ofAedes abopictus, Aedes aegypti, and Aedes polynesiensis.

Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

Policy

With this update, CDC is expanding its existing recommendations to cover all pregnant couples, which includes pregnant women with female sex partners. This guidance also describes what other couples (those who are not pregnant or planning to become pregnant) can do to reduce the risk for Zika virus transmission. CDC’s recommendations for couples planning to become pregnant have been published separately (9).

A human vaccine for the Zika virus may be coming soon

Video
7/22/2016
Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a vaccine for the Zika virus. They received a strain of the virus from Puerto Rico in November 2015, and have since created a purified inactivated virus, like the flu shot. The vaccine is called ZPIV, and so far, it looks promising that military medical research will be a key contributor to preventing the continued spread of the Zika virus.

Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a possible vaccine for the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Immunization Healthcare | Medical Research and Development

Zika: Protecting Children from Mosquito Bites at Camp

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to parents, provides tips to keep their children healthy while at camp.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Summer Safety | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika: Protecting Camp Staff and Staffers

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to Camp Administrators provides tips to keep staff and campers healthy while at camp.

Recommended Content:

Zika Virus | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Summer Safety

Chikungunya Infection Among MHS Beneficiaries in the Western Hemisphere

Infographic
6/22/2016
the Disease Reporting System Internet (DRSi). It also describes signs and symptoms of Chikungunya infection.  As of February 2015 there have been 121 Chikungunya (CHIK) cases among DoD healthcare beneficiaries reported through the DRSI. Chikungunya fever is caused by infection with the CHIKV an alphavirus of the Togavirdae family. All DoD Cases were contracted OCONUS.  Just the facts  •	Since 2013, 46 countries or territories in the Americas have reported 2,006,363 chikungunya cases. •	The CDC has not reported new imported CHIKV cases in the United States since January 12, 2016. •	The virus is commonly transmitted to people via the bite of an infected mosquito of the genus Aedes (A. Aegypti or A. albopictus). •	Long lasting immunity seems to result after recovery from the infection but there is no vaccine available to prevent illness due to CHIKV infection.  For more information on Chikungunya guidance on detecting and reporting DoD cases, visit Health.mil/AFHSB.

This infographic describes the number of Chikungunya cases among DoD beneficiaries reported through the Disease Reporting System Internet (DRSi). It also describes signs and symptoms of Chikungunya infection.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Chikungunya | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika Virus and Sexual Transmission

Infographic
6/21/2016
infographic about sexual transmission of the Zika virus

Zika virus can be spread by a man with Zika to his sex partners. This infographic provides tips for avoiding sexual transmission of the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Zika Virus and Pregnancy

Infographic
6/21/2016
infographic about Zika virus and pregnancy

Zika can cause certain birth defects. This infographic offers information to pregnant women about how to protect themselves from the Zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Women's Health

Planning a trip?

Infographic
6/17/2016
Infographic about planning ahead to protect against mosquito borne illness on a trip

Do your homework to protect yourself from mosquito-borne illnesses

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Viruses Like Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya

Infographic
6/17/2016
Infographic about preventing Mosquitoes

Mosquito-borne illnesses are a major public health concern. Follow these tips to help control mosquitoes around your home and in your community.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Recently in the American Tropics?

Publication
6/14/2016

Poster targeting travelers returning from trips from the American Tropics depicting signs of symptoms of possible mosquito-borne illnesses.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites

Publication
6/14/2016

Poster depicting ways to protect yourself from mosquitos that spread illnesses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika virus.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

How is the U.S. Military Dealing with Zika?

Video
6/7/2016
Zika image

The Defense Department is closely monitoring the spread of the Zika virus and is working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assist in virus surveillance, response and research efforts.

Recommended Content:

Zika Virus | Global Health Engagement | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Going to the American Tropics?

Publication
6/4/2016

Poster targeted to travelers about protecting themselves from mosquito bites.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Estimated Range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Mosquitos in the U.S.

Publication
4/1/2016

These maps represent CDC's best estimate of the potential range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the United States. Maps are not meant to represent risk for spread of disease.

Recommended Content:

Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Strategy for Control of Zika Virus Transmitting Mosquitos on Military Installations and Housing Areas

Policy

This memorandum establishes a Department-wide strategy for vector surveillance, testing, and control on military installation and housing areas in locations within the distribution range ofAedes abopictus, Aedes aegypti, and Aedes polynesiensis.

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