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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito-borne illness is a significant public health concern, both to the Department of Defense (DoD) and to the broader national and international public health community. Here, we provide a collection of resources to assist in education and risk communication for partners and stakeholders on issues relating to mosquito control and prevention, as well as the prevention of mosquito-borne infectious disease.

Did you know?

Adult mosquitoes don't usually survive the high winds of a hurricane, but flood waters after the storm will result in large populations of floodwater mosquitoes. These "nuisance" mosquitoes don't typically spread viruses that can make you sick. However, the types of mosquitoes that can spread viruses may increase anywhere from 2 weeks to 2 months after a hurricane, especially in areas that didn't flood but received more rainfall than usual. >>Learn More about Mosquitoes & Hurricanes

Learn about Prevention of Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

We are focusing on the specific illnesses below, but this list could be expanded in the future:

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Air Force launches aerial spray mission against mosquitoes

Article
9/25/2017
Air Force Reserve Tech. Sgt. Ken Hesser, a crew chief with the 910th Maintenance Group, Youngstown Air Reserve Station, Ohio, marshals a C-130H Hercules aircraft as the aircrew taxis the plane for takeoff on the flightline of the Kelly Field Annex. Hesser is among more than 90 Reserve Citizen Airmen supporting the 910th’s mosquito control aerial spray operations over areas of eastern Texas devastated by Hurricane Harvey. The 910th Airlift Wing operates the Department of Defense’s only aerial spray capability to control pest insect populations, eliminate undesired and invasive vegetation and disperse oil spills in large bodies of water. Due to large amounts of standing, polluted water, the numbers of pest insects are increasing significantly. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Bob Barko Jr.)

The Air Force Reserve’s 910th Airlift Wing continues aerial spray mosquito control application in areas of eastern Texas to assist Hurricane Harvey recovery efforts

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Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Emergency Preparedness and Response | Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

DoD News In Focus – Combating Malaria

Video
3/21/2017
DoD News In Focus – Combating Malaria

Inside the Washington, D.C., beltway, scientists and researchers at the Naval Medical Research Center work diligently to combat malaria for the American war fighter and the global population.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Malaria

Malaria vaccine candidate proves effective in Navy Medicine clinical trial

Article
2/3/2017
Navy Petty Officer 1st Class James Bowes, Camp Lemonnier's expeditionary medical facility senior preventive-medicine technician, places mosquitoes on a dish to view under a microscope at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti. Bowes, a member of the camp's mosquito-control program, routinely analyzes mosquitoes to help determine the risk of mosquito-borne diseases like malaria. (U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Tom Ouellette)

An effective malaria vaccine would be an ideal tool to prevent malaria in deployed military personnel

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Immunization Healthcare | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Malaria

Rift Valley Fever Virus Ecology

Infographic
12/5/2016
This infographic describes Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus ecology and how RVF infects livestock and humans.   •	First the enzootic cycle begins. It is maintained via transfer from parent mosquito to offspring. This is a local, low-level transfer of disease to livestock and happens during periods of average rainfall. •	Next, high rainfall and flooding enable Aedes mosquito breeding environments to flourish. This is followed by epizootic outbreaks, which cause abortion storms in animals, with > 90% mortality in newborns and 10-20% mortality in adults. Secondary vectors, including other mosquito genera such as Culex, can pass on the virus to humans and animals.  Spillover to humans includes exposure to blood and tissue of infected livestock and occurs during slaughter or birthing activities. Humans can also be infected with RVF via bites of infected mosquitos.

This infographic describes Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus ecology and how RVF infects livestock and humans.

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Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito Control & Bite Prevention: Educational Flipbook

Publication
9/23/2016

Mosquitoes can spread viruses like Zika, chikungunya, and dengue.This flipbook gives basic information about mosquito control activities and how to protect from mosquito bites. Mosquito control approaches that incorporate community education, and mosquito surveillance and control are often called “integrated vector control.” A vector is an insect, like a mosquito, that can spread viruses.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Chikungunya | Dengue | Malaria | West Nile | Zika Virus

Exposure to mosquito-borne infections discussed at MHSRS

Article
8/17/2016
Air Force Capt. David Lindholm, of the San Antonio Military Medical Center, highlights the dangers of mosquito-borne illnesses at the Military Health System Research Symposium in Orlando, Florida

The dangers of mosquito-borne illnesses is discussed at the Military Health System Research Symposium in Orlando, Florida

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

All Things Mosquito

Video
8/17/2016
All Things Mosquito

Watch this video to learn the basic facts about mosquitoes and the illnesses they carry.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Chikungunya | Dengue | Malaria | West Nile | Zika Virus

Obama: Zika poses significant threat, public should take precautions

Article
8/8/2016
Yellow fever mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti – are reared in the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research insectary by the thousands for use in pre-clinical Zika vaccine experiments and for research into new vector control products and methods. (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research photo)

The Defense Department is working closely with federal, state and local authorities to monitor the threat of Zika to its military and civilian personnel and their dependents

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Medical Research and Development

West Nile Virus Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/26/2016

This CDC fact sheet discusses the West Nile Virus including symptoms, transmission and prevention.

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West Nile | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Stay Healthy on the Road to Rio

Infographic
7/26/2016
Infographic about preventing mosquito-borne illnesses when traveling to the Olympics.

This infographic from the CDC offers tips for travelers heading to the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

Policy

With this update, CDC is expanding its existing recommendations to cover all pregnant couples, which includes pregnant women with female sex partners. This guidance also describes what other couples (those who are not pregnant or planning to become pregnant) can do to reduce the risk for Zika virus transmission. CDC’s recommendations for couples planning to become pregnant have been published separately (9).

A human vaccine for the Zika virus may be coming soon

Video
7/22/2016
A human vaccine for the Zika virus may be coming soon

Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a possible vaccine for the Zika virus.

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An Army specialist helps create a possible Zika vaccine

Article
7/22/2016
U.S. Army Spc. Chris Springer flashes a smile as he puts some of his work into one of the facility’s many refrigerators. (DoD photo by Katie Lange)

An Army specialist is one of very few service members to get to work on the Zika vaccine

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Public Health | Research and Innovation | Military Hospitals and Clinics

Zika: Protecting Camp Staff and Staffers

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to Camp Administrators provides tips to keep staff and campers healthy while at camp.

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Zika Virus | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Summer Safety

Zika: Protecting Children from Mosquito Bites at Camp

Fact Sheet
7/20/2016

This CDC fact sheet targeted to parents, provides tips to keep their children healthy while at camp.

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Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Summer Safety | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses
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