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Pandemic Diseases

Medical Countermeasures (MCM) assumes a proactive, preventive approach to protect service members and their families who may be stationed or deployed in areas at elevated risk to both naturally occurring and manufactured emerging infectious diseases. MCM develops clinical use guidelines for vaccines, diagnostics and antiviral policies that protect the military, civilian personnel and beneficiaries to preserve U.S. combat capabilities and readiness. They also contribute to U.S. government-wide efforts to save lives reduce human suffering and slow the spread of infection. 

This includes managing and updating vaccine use policies to counter infectious disease threats such as smallpox and anthrax, and ensuring the safest and most effective preventive measures are in place to address adenovirus-associated illness and unique regional illnesses such as malaria, Japanese Encephalitis and leishmaniasis.

Photo of U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Jon Rigenoldus, 509th Medical Support Squadron medical lab technician, examines samples at Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., March 18, 2015.

MCM interacts with DoD’s Chemical and Biological Defense Program, to assist in the following:  

  • Development of medical countermeasure requirements 
  • Acquisition processes
  • New product evaluations 
  • Determination of appropriate stockpiling 

MCM ensures that safe, effective medicines are in place and available when needed.

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction: Post-Deployment Policy for 21-day Controlled Monitoring


This instruction provides policy and guidance for the Services in the conduct of 21-day controlled monitoring of Service members and volunteering DoD civilian employees returning from the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak area in West Africa.

Pre-Deployment, Deployment, and Post-Deployment Training, Screening, and Monitoring Guidance for Department of Defense Personnel Deployed to Ebola Outbreak Areas


Department of Defense (DoD) personnel (Service members and civilian employees)deployed to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defined Ebola outbreak areas will complete pre and post-deployment screening and training requirements outlined in this memorandum and supplemented by United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM) guidance.

Detecting and Reporting DoD Cases of Ebola Virus Disease Infection


Guidance as of 17 OCT 2014 from the Department of Defese (AFHSC)for Detecting and Reporting DoD Cases of Ebola Virus Disease Infection

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