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Color Psychology Guide

When creating visual assets for the MHS brand, it’s important to think about how your audience may interpret colors. The colors you use may evoke different emotions, even if your message says otherwise.

Women's Health Week Graphic

Color Meanings

Color is just one of many psychological tools marketers can use to build successful brands. Research shows that 93% of consumers consider visual appearance to be the key deciding factor in a purchasing decision. When developing your message, try to consider what colors may be a good fit for your visuals.

Red

Red evokes strong emotions, increases appetite, symbolizes passion and love, and increases urgency and intensity. It relates to survival, alertness, and safety.

Other connotations: Pain, aggression, defiance, danger

Brand example:

Broken Heart Syndrome Graphic


Yellow

The color yellow stimulates mental processes, encourages communication, strains the eyes, but also increases cheerfulness. In marketing, it represents optimism, youthfulness, and clarity. The hue of the shade can also represent sickness so it’s really important to make sure you are using the right tone.

Other connotations: Sickness, fear, cowardice, depression

Brand example:

Donate Plasma Graphic


Blue

The color blue curbs appetite and represents calmness and serenity. It increases productivity, and creates a sense of security and trust in a brand. Most health-related organizations, like insurance organizations and hospitals, use blue in softer tones. Blue is also the color mostly preferred by both male and female consumers.

Other connotations: Cold, depression, sadness

Brand example: 

National Drug Take Back Day Graphic


Orange

As a mix of red and yellow, orange is both inviting and creative. It's the kind of color that really stands out and can be the uniting factor in many different color schemes. It reflects enthusiasm and excitement and shows warmth. It’s also the color of caution.

Other connotations: Despair, anxiety, discomfort

Brand example:

Love Your Heart Don't Smoke Graphic


Green

Green is the color of nature; it emits a feeling of balance, harmony and growth. It signifies health, serenity, and tranquility. Like yellow, if you use the wrong shade it could show sickness.

Other connotations: Sickness, blandness, greed

Brand example:

National Military Brats Day Graphic


Purple

Purple is the color of royalty, success, wealth, and wisdom. Use it to soothe and provide calm. You’ll also see it in cosmetics and anti-aging products. Purple represents an imaginative, wise, and creative brand.

Other connotations: Moodiness and introspection

Brand example:

Purple Up Graphic


White

White is an essential part of most color schemes—it can work as a complement, an accent, or a background. White is the color of clarity, freshness, and used to spark creativity.

Other connotations: Emptiness, sterile, isolation

Brand example:

Nurses Week Graphic


Black

Black is the color of sophistication, mystery, power, and control. When black is shiny, it exudes luxury. Shades of gray can also convey these qualities.

Other connotations: Evil, oppression, mourning

Brand example:

Listicle 5 Tips Data Privacy Graphic


Color Accessibility 

People with visual disabilities like color blindness are not able to see some colors, but they can tell differences in the saturation and shade of a color. Keep in mind that reds and greens can look the same to someone who is colorblind. Using the same shade of two colors could make them indistinguishable from each other as well. Also, for interactive elements add indicators like underlining links on hover or marking a required field with an asterisk.

Never use color alone to connote meaning. For example, don’t use red, yellow, and green circles to code elements in a list. Consider using a red circle, a yellow square, and a green triangle so there is a second way for your viewer to distinguish the difference between elements.

Color Harmonies

There are three color harmonies commonly used in design:

  • Complementary colors
  • Split complementary colors
  • Analogous colors

Complementary colors

Colors opposite each other on the color wheel are complementary colors. The vibrant look of a complementary harmony is ideal for making something stand out or drawing attention to your focal point, but be careful using complementary colors in large doses – they can easily appear overwhelming to the eye.

Complementary Colors Graphic


Analogous colors

Analogous colors are located next to each other on the color wheel. They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs.

Analogous Colors Graphic


Monochromatic colors

Monochromatic harmonies use a single color shaded or tinted to various values by adding black or white.

Chart for Monochromatic Colors

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