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Cancers of the Female Reproductive System

Knowing your body is the first step to understanding what's normal for you, when something changes and when you may be experiencing warning signs of Gynecologic CancerCancer affecting of any of the female reproductive organs: cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, or vulva. gynecologic cancer.

Signs and symptoms are different for every woman, and each type of cancer has its own signs and symptoms. But, there are some things to watch for:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding (i.e. after sex, after menopauseA point in time 12 months after a woman's last period. This transitional period begins between ages 45 and 55.menopause, between periods, etc.)
  • Heavier, longer periods than normal
  • Vaginal discharge that is watery or contains blood
  • Pelvic pain or pain during sex 

If you're experiencing any of the above or any other changes in your body that last longer than two weeks, talk to your provider right away. 

Lower Your Risk by Staying Healthy

You can lower your risk by making healthy choices. Follow the guidelines below to lower your risk of getting any type of gynecologic cancer.

Get Regular Health Screenings

Get Vaccinated

Make Healthy Choices

Types of Gynecologic Cancer

Gynecologic CancerCancer affecting of any of the female reproductive organs: cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, or vulva. Gynecologic cancer is any type of cancer that begins in a woman’s reproductive system. The type of cancer is named based on where the cancer begins.

Each type of cancer is unique and may have its own signs and symptoms, risk factors and prevention strategies. All women are at risk and that risk usually increases with age.

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The John P. Murtha Cancer Center at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center hosted its 2022 Breast Cancer Summit virtually Oct. 26. The summit is held annually during Breast Cancer Awareness Month in October.

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From rose to fuchsia to salmon, with October designated as Breast Cancer Awareness Month, Navy Medicine Readiness Training Command Bremerton’s staff members donned pink attire to raise awareness for the annual breast cancer campaign.

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Early detection and prevention methods are key to help women fight and prevent this form of cancer.

Breast Cancer


This case definition was developed in 2010 by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center (AFHSC) in collaboration with a working group of subject matter experts from the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs (ASDHA), the United States Army Public Health Command (USAPHC) and the United States Military Cancer Institute. The definition was developed for the purpose of epidemiological surveillance of invasive cancers and was used in a June 2012 Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR) article on incident diagnoses of cancers.

Study on Incidence of Breast Cancer Among Active Duty Service Members


HR 4310, NDAA Conference Report for FY 2013, 112-705, Sec. 737

HA 96-040: Breast Cancer: Prevention, Diagnosis, and Education Program


This memo introduces the Breast Cancer: Prevention, Diagnosis, and Education Program

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Last Updated: May 04, 2023
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