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Military Health System

Cancers of the Female Reproductive System

Knowing your body is the first step to understanding what's normal for you, when something changes and when you may be experiencing warning signs of Gynecologic CancerCancer affecting of any of the female reproductive organs: cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, or vulva. gynecologic cancer.

Signs and symptoms are different for every woman, and each type of cancer has its own signs and symptoms. But, there are some things to watch for:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding (i.e. after sex, after menopause, between periods, etc.)
  • Heavier, longer periods than normal
  • Vaginal discharge that is watery or contains blood
  • Pelvic pain or pain during sex 

If you're experiencing any of the above or any other changes in your body that last longer than two weeks, talk to your provider right away. 

Lower Your Risk by Staying Healthy

You can lower your risk by making healthy choices. Follow the guidelines below to lower your risk of getting any type of gynecologic cancer.

Get Regular Health Screenings

Get Vaccinated

Make Healthy Choices

Types of Gynecologic Cancer

Gynecologic CancerCancer affecting of any of the female reproductive organs: cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, or vulva. Gynecologic cancer is any type of cancer that begins in a woman’s reproductive system. The type of cancer is named based on where the cancer begins.

  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

Each type of cancer is unique and may have its own signs and symptoms, risk factors and prevention strategies. All women are at risk and that risk usually increases with age.

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Last Updated: January 20, 2023
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