Back to Top Skip to main content

Immunization research supports warrior care, force readiness

Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Brett Friebel prepares a flu shot for a patient at Naval Branch Health Clinic Mayport’s immunizations clinic. (U.S. Navy photo by Jacob Sippel) Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Brett Friebel prepares a flu shot for a patient at Naval Branch Health Clinic Mayport’s immunizations clinic. (U.S. Navy photo by Jacob Sippel)

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Immunization Healthcare | Immunizations | Warrior Care

FALLS CHURCH, Va. — Vaccinations have played a prominent role in U.S. military history. George Washington ordered smallpox vaccine for his soldiers during the Revolutionary War. Nearly 90 percent of the deaths of soldiers during that time were caused by disease, with smallpox being one of the most prominent. It was said that more American soldiers died of smallpox than from battlefield injuries, and Washington’s plan to defeat smallpox played an important role in the ultimate victory of his army.

Vaccination remains a vital tool for U.S. forces. The Defense Health Agency’s (DHA) Immunization Healthcare Branch (IHB) is a premier, responsive, patient-centered organization that promotes excellence in immunization health care for service members and beneficiaries. IHB also supports Force Health Protection and Readiness by developing and promoting programs, services and research that enhance immunization effectiveness, safety and acceptability. With the ever-present threat of disease to service members abroad and within the U.S., providing evidence-based solutions that improve immunization health care is imperative.

“Given that the DoD mandates many vaccines as part of our force health protection and readiness requirements, we have a duty to ensure the vaccines we develop are not only safe, but also effective for our troops,” said Dr. Bruce McClenathan, regional medical director for IHB at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. “In addition, we seek to eliminate any unnecessary immunizations, as well as reducing the costs.”

 “Within the history of the DoD, research and vaccines have been critical to our military members," said Dr. Limone Collins, an allergy and immunology physician and chief of the Vaccine Safety and Evaluation Section at the IHB Headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia. “Other than clean water and sewage, vaccines have done more to improve public health - not just within the DoD - but nationally. Vaccines have played a critical role in providing protection for us.”

Although U.S. military physicians and researchers have collaborated in the development of vaccines for influenza, rubella and typhoid fever, Collins emphasized our armed forces have had a long history of involvement with vaccines against infectious diseases. “For more than 200 years, our military has been actively engaged in vaccine research, and made many contributions to the development of products for use in disease prevention and control,” he said.

During World War I, Army Surgeon General William Gorgas convened a series of commissions to gather the best civilian and military input for ongoing and recurring infectious disease problems. In 1918, a pneumonia commission was formed, and in 1941 the Army established the Board for the Investigation and Control of Influenza and Other Epidemic Diseases in the Army, which was renamed the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board (AFEB) in 1949.

IHB will continue to conduct research and provide valuable input regarding immunization effectiveness and safety to enhance force health protection and readiness. IHB researchers will ensure that vaccines are safe, effective and properly utilized to protect service members. With the advancement of research techniques, we are now able to conduct clinical studies dedicated to understanding diversity in immune responses to certain vaccines when they are delivered to large populations,” said McClenathan. “These studies hold enormous potential for improving the quality of care, and reducing the possibility of adverse events following immunization.”

You also may be interested in...

Health Services Headquarters Marine Corps

Presentation
8/10/2017

Defense Health Board briefing about the Health Services Headquarters Marine Corps

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

United States Transportation Command

Presentation
8/10/2017

Defense Health Briefing about the United States Transportation Command

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Overview of Navy Medicine

Presentation
2/9/2017

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Military Medical History

Tasking Update Pediatric Health Care Services

Presentation
2/9/2017

Tasking Update: Pediatric Health Care Services

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Access, Cost, Quality, and Safety

Deployment Health Centers Review

Presentation
11/1/2016

Deployment Health Centers Review briefing to the Defense Health Board, Nov. 1, 2016.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

59th Medical Wing Mission and Initiatives

Presentation
8/9/2016

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

A National Trauma Care System

Presentation
8/9/2016

A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and Civilian Trauma Systems to Achieve Zero Preventable Deaths After Injury

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Research and Innovation | Access, Cost, Quality, and Safety

Reconstruction and Restoration of the Genitourinary System after Contemporary Battlefield Urotrauma

Presentation
8/9/2016

Recommended Content:

Conditions and Treatments | Health Readiness

Review of the Defense Health Board’s Combat Trauma Lessons Learned from Military Operations of 2001-2013 Report

Presentation
8/9/2016

The in-depth information and recommendations in the report enable [the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs] to consider approaches to enhance Combat Casualty Care.

Recommended Content:

Conditions and Treatments | Research and Innovation | Health Readiness

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA Biological Technologies Office BTO Overview

Presentation
6/2/2016

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Biological Technologies Office (BTO) Overview

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Health Care Delivery Subcommittee Tasking Update Pediatric Clinical Preventive Services

Presentation
6/2/2016

Health Care Delivery Subcommittee Tasking Update: Pediatric Clinical Preventive Services

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program

Presentation
6/2/2016

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers

Presentation
6/2/2016

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Decision Brief on Ethical Guidelines and Practices for U.S. Military Medical Professionals

Presentation
2/11/2015

Decision Brief on Ethical Guidelines and Practices for U.S. Military Medical Professionals presented to the Defense Health Board

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness

Decision Brief on Sustainment and Advancement of Amputee Care

Presentation
2/11/2015

Decision Brief on Sustainment and Advancement of Amputee Care presented to the Defense Health Board

Recommended Content:

Warrior Care | Physical Disability
<< < 1 2 3 > >> 
Showing results 1 - 15 Page 1 of 3

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing: Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.