Back to Top Skip to main content Skip to sub-navigation

Decreasing cervical cancer – one HPV vaccine at a time

Image of medical personnel showing report to soldier. Click to open a larger version of the image. Click to open a larger version of the image. Navy Lt. Jessica Miller, a nurse at Naval Hospital Jacksonville’s Obstetrics/Gynecology Clinic, discusses cervical cancer screenings with a patient. Starting at age 21, women should get a Pap test every three years. After turning 30, women have a choice - get a Pap test every three years, or get a Pap and human papillomavirus (HPV) test every five years. (Photo by Jacob Sippel, Naval Hospital Jacksonville.)

Recommended Content:

Total Force Fitness Toolkit | Women's Health | Total Force Fitness | Total Force Fitness Toolkit

Cervical cancer was once one of the most common causes of cancer death for American women, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).

With increased use of the Pap test, the cervical cancer death rate has dropped significantly. However, approximately 13,800 new cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed annually, and more than 4,000 women die from the disease each year, numbers from the ACS indicate.

Cervical cancer affects the uterine cervix, a part of the uterus, which can create problems with infertility and blockage of the urinary and bowel tracts. Early detection and prevention methods are key to help women fight and prevent this form of cancer.

According to the Director of Gynecologic Oncology at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Air Force Col. (Dr.) Yovanni Casablanca, early stages of cervical cancer could display no symptoms, which is why regular visits with an OB/GYN are important. “Usually the way we know something is going on is that the cervical pap tests are abnormal,” Casablanca said.

While cervical cancer is usually seen in women in their 30s, 40s and after menopause, there are preventative measures a woman can take to reduce their risk.

“There are over 60 different strains of HPV, but only certain types, high risk types, are associated with cervical and other cancers,” said Casablanca, about the cancer causing Human Papillomavirus. “I tell my patients that HPV is a ‘part of life,’ it is very common and everyone who has had skin-to-skin contact with another human has likely been exposed to some strain of HPV. Folks who are exposed to higher risk strains, smoke, or have immunosuppression might be susceptible to the consequences of HPV.”

Casablanca encourages both men and women to get the HPV vaccine in early puberty, before sexual activity begins. The vaccine is highly effective in creating immunity to most of the high-risk strains of HPV. Infection to HPV can be increased through tobacco use, multiple sexual partners, and early onset of sexual activity.

“Any age, race, and ethnicity can get cervical cancer, and it only takes one partner to expose you to HPV,” explained Casablanca.

Treatment for cervical cancer can involve invasive surgeries, which a portion of the cervix is removed. For women who don’t wish to retain fertility, they may sometimes opt for a hysterectomy, removal of the uterus. Like most cancers, in a more advanced phase, chemotherapy and radiation treatments are used.

For more information about cervical cancer, refer to the National Cancer Institute.

You also may be interested in...

Inclusion of Women and Minorities in the CDMRP

Congressional Testimony
10/7/2019

S. 3159 SAC Report for FY 2019, 115-290 Pg. 213-214

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Report on Rate of Maternal Mortality Among Members of the Armed Forces

Congressional Testimony
7/10/2019

H.R. 5515, NDAA Conference Report for FY 2019, 115-874, Pg. 861

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

6200.02

Policy

Comprehensive Contraceptive Counseling and Access to the Full Range of Methods of Contraception

  • Identification #: 6200.02
  • Date: 5/13/2019
  • Type: DHA Procedural Instruction
  • Topics: Women's Health

Military midwives as educators

Video
10/15/2018
Military midwives as educators

Within the military, midwives serve as educators. Kwuan Paruchabutr shares how midwives ensure that all medical staff are well trained in women's health care.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Cold weather injuries during deployments, July 2012 – June 2017

Infographic
1/18/2018
Cold weather injuries during deployments, July 2012 – June 2017

This infographic documents cold weather injuries during deployments for the July 2012 – June 2017 cold seasons.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Health Readiness

Complications and Care Related to Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery among Active Component Service Women U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

Infographic
1/5/2018
Complications and Care Related to Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery among Active Component Service Women U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

This analysis provides an update on pregnancy complications and characterizes the counts, rates, and trends of several specific pregnancy complications.

Recommended Content:

Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Women's Health

Gestational diabetes among pregnant service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces 2012 – 2016

Infographic
1/5/2018
Gestational diabetes among pregnant service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces 2012 – 2016

This infographic documents the incidence and prevalence of gestational diabetes pregnant service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Contraception among active component service women, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

Infographic
1/5/2018
Contraception among active component service women, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

This infographic summarizes the annual prevalence of permanent sterilization, as well as use of long – and short-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs and SARCs, respectively), contraceptive counseling services, and use of emergency contraception from 2012 through 2016, among active component service women.

Recommended Content:

Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Women's Health

Live births among female service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

Infographic
12/21/2017
Live births among female service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

This infographic documents live births among female service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces from 2012 – 2016.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Pregnancies and live births among female service members

Infographic
12/21/2017
Pregnancies and live births among female service members

This infographic summarizes data on the demographic and military characteristics of women including women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) in the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces during 2012 – 2016. Data on pregnancy-related care and birth rates are also presented.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Pregnancies among female service members, Active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

Infographic
12/21/2017
Pregnancies among female service members, Active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012 – 2016

With the increasing numbers of service women and the expansion of roles available to women within the military, understanding the epidemiology of pregnancy is important for both the health of U.S. service women and the readiness of the U.S. fighting force, two closely related issues. This infographic documents pregnancies among female service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces from 2012 – 2016.

Recommended Content:

Women's Health

Tdap vaccination coverage during pregnancy, active component service women, 2006 – 2014

Infographic
8/14/2017
Tdap vaccination coverage during pregnancy, active component service women, 2006 – 2014

This infographic documents findings from a surveillance study that assessed Tdap vaccination coverage among pregnant service women during 2006 through 2014.

Recommended Content:

Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis | Women's Health

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis Treatment Guide Active Duty U.S. Military

Infographic
3/13/2017
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis Treatment Guide Active Duty U.S. Military

This infographic provides information on Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnosis and treatment of active duty U.S. Armed Forces to help primary care providers screen high-risk individuals and encourage patients to explore OSA treatment options for managing this burden of disease.

Recommended Content:

Total Force Fitness

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Rates by Service, U.S. Armed Forces

Infographic
3/13/2017
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Rates by Service, U.S. Armed Forces

This infographic documents an increase in the incidence of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnoses and associated attrition among U.S. service members over a 12-year surveillance period from 2004-2015. It also examines time to separation from military service after an incident of OSA diagnosis.

Recommended Content:

Total Force Fitness

Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

Policy

With this update, CDC is expanding its existing recommendations to cover all pregnant couples, which includes pregnant women with female sex partners. This guidance also describes what other couples (those who are not pregnant or planning to become pregnant) can do to reduce the risk for Zika virus transmission. CDC’s recommendations for couples planning to become pregnant have been published separately (9).

<< < ... 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 
Showing results 121 - 135 Page 9 of 10

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing. Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.