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Malaria is an important health threat to U.S. service members located in endemic areas for: •	Long-term duty assignments •	Participation in short-term contingency operations •	Personal travel In 2016, 57 service members were diagnosed with or reported to have malaria from 25 different medical facilities in the U.S., Afghanistan, Germany, Korea, Djibouti, and Oman. In 2011, 124 service members were affected. Malaria Pie chart P. falciparum (45.6%; n=26) Plasmodium vivax (26.3%; n=15) highest since 2012 P. malariae and P. ovale (3.5%; n=2) Unspecified agents (24.6%; n=14) The relatively low numbers of cases during 2012-2016 mainly reflect a decrease in cases acquired in Afghanistan – a reduction due largely to the withdrawal of U.S. forces from that country. Providers of medical care to military members should be knowledgeable of, and vigilant for, clinical manifestations of malaria outside of endemic areas. To learn more about how malaria impacts U.S. Armed Forces visit Health.mil/AFHSB.

In 2016, 57 service members were diagnosed with or reported to have malaria from 25 different medical facilities in the U.S., Afghanistan, Germany, Korea, Djibouti, and Oman.

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Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch | Malaria

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