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In 2016, there were 68,189 records of hospitalizations of active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps. The annual hospitalization rate (all causes) for 2016 was 52.9 per 1,000 service member person-years (p-yrs) and was the lowest rate reported within the last 10 years covered in this report. This graphic documents the frequencies, rates, trends, and distributions of hospitalizations of active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps by gender during calendar year 2016. Findings •	In 2016, the hospitalization rate (all causes) among females was more than three times that of males (hospitalization) rate, overall: females were 130,9 per 1,000 p-yrs; males were 38.3 per 1,000 p-yrs). •	Excluding pregnancy and delivery, the rate of hospitalizations among females (56.1 per 1,000 p-yrs) was 46.7% higher than among males. •	Hospitalization rates were higher among females than males for mental disorders (RD: 8.0 per 1,000 p-yrs). Most Frequent Diagnoses Pie Chart - Males •	In 2016, adjustment disorder was the most frequent discharge diagnosis among males (n=3,768) which is color coded in a transparent gray on the pie chart. Man holding his head is displayed in a circle with the number 3,768 displayed. •	Alcohol depen¬dence was (n=1,656) which is color coded in blue on the pie chart. Person holding alcohol is displayed behind this number. •	Major depressive disor¬der was (n=1,308) which is color coded in green on the pie chart.  Two soldiers on couch discussing mental health counseling display. •	Acute appendicitis was (n=1,091) which is color coded in yellow on the pie chart.  Doctor performing surgery displays behind the number. •	Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was (n=832) which is color coded in orange on the pie chart. Man holding the side of his head displays behind the numbers. Most Frequent Diagnoses – Females •	In 2016, pregnancy- and delivery- related conditions represented four of the top five leading causes of hospitalizations among females and accounted for 57.2% of all hospitalizations of females. •	The top four discharge diagnoses in this condition category included first-and second degree perineal laceration during delivery ( n= 1,254 and n=1,177, respectively). The total on pie chart is seen as 2,431 for first – and second-degree perineal laceration during delivery. Pregnant soldier is seen behind number.  Pie slice for this category is gray in display. •	Post-term (late) pregnancy (n=1,226) shows pregnant woman in blue dress behind number. Pie slice for this category is blue in display. •	Abnormality in fetal heart rate and rhythm ( n= 1,092). Heart monitor displays behind number. Pie slice for this category is green in display. •	Other than pregnancy – and delivery-related diagnoses, leading causes of hospitalizations among females were adjustment disorder (n=1,158).  Female military members display behind number. Pie slice is yellow in display. •	Major depressive disorder [single episode unspecified] (n=471) show females in the U.S. Army behind number. Pie slice for this category is orange in display.  Overall graphic background is transparent with an emergency entrance display. Learn more about hospitalizations by gender among the active component of U.S. Armed Forces at www.health.mil/MSMR

This graphic documents the frequencies, rates, trends and distributions of hospitalizations among active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps by gender during calendar year 2016.

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