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Reports

Here you will find online reports released by the Military Health System. You can search for a specific report by either scrolling down the page or entering a keyword in the search box.

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Progress Toward Polio Eradication — Worldwide, January 2017–March 2019

Report
5/24/2019

Wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has been interrupted in all but three countries: Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan. No WPV cases have been detected in Nigeria since 2016, but WPV transmission has continued in Afghanistan and Pakistan in all previously identified reservoirs.

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Polio

Notes from the Field: Measles Outbreaks from Imported Cases in Orthodox Jewish Communities — New York and New Jersey, 2018–2019

Report
5/17/2019

Measles outbreaks in New York and New Jersey occurred after unvaccinated travelers reported recent travel to Israel, where a measles outbreak of more than 3,000 cases is ongoing.

Recommended Content:

Measles-Mumps-Rubella

Notes from the Field: Community Outbreak of Measles — Clark County, Washington, 2018–2019

Report
5/17/2019

A measles outbreak has affected dozens in Washington, and of approximately 3,800 contacts of infected patients, 22 percent lacked acceptable presumptive evidence of measles immunity.

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Measles-Mumps-Rubella

Increase in Hepatitis A Virus Infections — United States, 2013–2018

Report
5/10/2019

During 2016–2018, reports of hepatitis A infections in the United States increased by 294% compared with 2013–2015, related to outbreaks associated with contaminated food items, among men who have sex with men, and primarily, among persons who report drug use or homelessness.

Recommended Content:

Hepatitis A

Progress Toward Measles Elimination — European Region, 2009–2018

Report
5/3/2019

By end of 2017, 70 percent of European Region countries were verified to have eliminated endemic measles. During 2017–2018, however, a resurgence of measles occurred, with large-scale outbreaks in Ukraine, Serbia, and some countries that had achieved elimination.

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Measles-Mumps-Rubella

Increase in Measles Cases — United States, January 1–April 26, 2019

Report
4/29/2019

A total of 704 cases of measles have been reported in the United States this year, the highest number reported since 1994. Outbreaks in underimmunized, close-knit communities accounted for 88 percent of all cases.

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Measles-Mumps-Rubella

Notes from the Field: Hepatitis A Outbreak Associated with Drug Use and Homelessness – West Virginia, 2018

Report
4/12/2019

A hepatitis A outbreak among people experiencing homelessness or using drugs in West Virginia prompted a local health department to launch a vaccination campaign that included opt-out vaccination upon entry into homeless shelters; vaccinations at meal centers, drop-in centers, and other locations where services are provided to persons experiencing homelessness.

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Hepatitis A

Notes from the Field: Acute Hepatitis A Virus Infection Among Previously Vaccinated Persons with HIV Infection – Tennessee, 2018

Report
4/12/2019

During an ongoing Hepatitis A outbreak in Tennessee, it was found that previous vaccination did not reliably provide protection among some persons with HIV infection.

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Hepatitis A

Imported Toxin-Producing Cutaneous Diphtheria — Minnesota, Washington, and New Mexico, 2015–2018

Report
3/29/2019

Four confirmed cases of cutaneous diphtheria occurred in the U.S., where it is extremely rare. All four subjects had recently traveled internationally to countries with endemic diphtheria. Diptheria toxoid-containing vaccine was provided to incompletely immunized patients and close contacts.

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Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis

Notes from the Field: Measles Outbreak in an Era of Stricter Immunization Requirements — California, March 2018

Report
3/1/2019

In a 2018 outbreak in California, six unvaccinated patients with measles all had parents who had chosen not to vaccinate them during childhood. Since 2016, children entering school in California may no longer receive exemptions from immunization requirements based on parental personal beliefs. However, interviews with local health authorities suggest that some students without contraindications to vaccination have received medical exemptions.

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Measles-Mumps-Rubella

Progress Toward Hepatitis B Control and Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus — Western Pacific Region, 2005–2017

Report
3/1/2019

In 1990, chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region (WPR) was highly endemic. During 2005-2017, increases in coverage for both the hepatitis B vaccine birth dose and third dose led to a decline in prevalence of chronic hepatitis infection in children to <1% in 25 countries.

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Hepatitis B

Update: Influenza Activity — United States, September 30, 2018–February 2, 2019

Report
2/15/2019

As of February 2, 2019, this has been a low-severity influenza season, with a lower percentage of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI), lower rates of hospitalization, and fewer deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza, compared with recent seasons.

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Influenza Seasonal

Interim Estimates of 2018–19 Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness — United States, February 2019

Report
2/15/2019

The overall estimated effectiveness of 2018-2019 seasonal influenza vaccine for preventing medically attended, laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection was 47 percent.

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Influenza Seasonal

Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for Use of Hepatitis A Vaccine for Persons Experiencing Homelessness

Report
2/15/2019

All persons aged ≥1 year experiencing homelessness should be routinely immunized against hepatitis A virus. Vaccination of homeless persons facilitates integration of hepatitis A vaccine into routine preventive services.

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Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A ACIP Guidelines

Report
2/14/2019
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