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The association between US Army enlistment waivers and subsequent behavioral and social health outcomes and attrition from service

Publication Status: Published

Sponsoring Organization: Army

Sponsoring Office: US Army Institute of Public Health

Congressionally Mandated: No

Funding Source: Army

Release Date/Publication: March 01, 2013

Principle Investigator Status: Government

Primary DoD Data Source: Other

Secondary DoD Data Source: Military Health System (MHS) Data Repository

Abstract

Soldiers granted enlistment waivers for medical concerns, misconduct, or positive alcohol/drug tests may or may not be associated with an increased likelihood of negative behavioral outcomes. Soldiers in the population examined (n = 8,943) who were granted enlistment waivers from 2003 to 2008 were significantly more likely to subsequently be screened for alcohol/substance abuse, test positive for illicit substances, or receive an Army separation for behavioral misconduct. These associations were highest among Soldiers granted waivers for nonlawful alcohol/drug violations. Soldiers granted waivers for felony offenses and serious nontraffic violations were significantly less likely to separate from the Army compared with Soldiers not granted enlistment waivers.

Citation:

Gallaway MS, Bell MR, Lagana-Riordan C, Fink DS, Meyer CE, Millikan AM. The association between US Army enlistment waivers and subsequent behavioral and social health outcomes and attrition from service. Mil Med. 2013 Mar;178(3):261-6.

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