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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

The Defense Centers of Excellence defines TBI as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. According to Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, from 2000-2014 (3 QTR), more than 313,816 service members have been diagnosed with TBI.

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2016 DCoE Summit: Advancement in care focus of opening day

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9/15/2016
Dr. Thomas DeGraba, National Intrepid Center of Excellence chief innovation officer, shares updates to the clinical practice guidelines for the management of concussion during the 2016 DCoE Summit Sept. 13, 2016, at the Defense Health Headquarters, Virginia. (DCoE photo by Terry Welch)

Understanding how health care has advanced and how it can continue to improve was the message speakers delivered at the summit

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Bono tells military summit on psychological health and TBI: DHA is here to support efforts

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9/15/2016
Navy Vice Adm. Raquel Bono, director of the Defense Health Agency, spoke on the final day of the 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Summit, Sept. 15, 2016.

The 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Summit is being held Sept. 13-15, at the Defense Health Headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia

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Guice to military summit on psychological health and TBI: ‘Vigilance can’t stop’

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9/14/2016
Dr. Karen Guice, acting assistant secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, addressed attendees on the second day of the 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Summit Sept. 14, 2016.

The 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Summit is being held Sept. 13-15, at the Defense Health Headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia

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Military summit on psychological health and TBI opens at DHHQ in Virginia

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9/13/2016
Navy Rear Adm. Colin Chinn, director of the Research, Development and Acquisition Directorate for the Defense Health Agency, spoke at the opening of the 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Summit Sept. 13, 2016.

The 2016 Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Summit is being held Sept. 13-15, at the Defense Health Headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia

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Give concussions the red card

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8/23/2016
Mild TBI, also known as concussion, is especially common among girls. According to the Women’s Sports Foundation, “females participating in high school sports now have a higher incidence rate of sport-related concussions than do males.”

As soccer gains popularity in the United States and awareness of TBI grows, more eyes are on this potentially serious injury

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TBI milestone: Research program enrolls 15,000 participants

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8/19/2016
DVBIC researchers have collected long-term TBI recovery and outcomes information on veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs TBIMS program since 2008. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Miguel Lara III)

The database collects standardized recovery and outcomes data on patients with TBIs serious enough to require hospitalization

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Get your head out of the game to prevent TBI

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8/18/2016
Using your head to spear an opponent is illegal, but it’s also dangerous, and can cause serious injury to both players involved in the tackle. (U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Rebecca Eller)

Learning to lead with the shoulder and not the head or helmet is important for all sports that involve contact

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A driven competitor, one Marine overcame setbacks to become medal-winning athlete

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7/27/2016
Staff Sergeant Anthony Mannino Jr. competed in the cycling event during the 2016 Warrior Games in West Point, New York. By the end of this year’s competition, he came home with silver medals in three events: wheelchair basketball, shot put and discus. (U.S. Marine Corps Photo by Patrick Onofre/Released)

After struggling with a TBI for years, Staff Sgt. Anthony Mannino Jr. credits his therapy sessions at NICoE in helping him focus on training for the 2016 Warrior Games.

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National Intrepid Center zeroes in on traumatic brain injury

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7/19/2016
The National Intrepid Center of Excellence, a directorate of the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., helps active duty, reserve, and National Guard members and their families manage their traumatic brain injuries and accompanying psychological health conditions through diagnostic evaluation, treatment planning, outpatient clinical care, and TBI research.

The National Intrepid Center of Excellence, a directorate of the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, helps active duty, reserve, and National Guard members and their families manage their traumatic brain injuries

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Summer safety tip: Protect your head while biking

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7/14/2016
Sam Crabtree, tank mechanic, Exercise Support Division, speeds downhill during the Annual Earth Day Mountain Bike Ride April 13, 2016.

Summer is the time to enjoy outdoor activities – whether jet skiing in the ocean on a hot day or navigating rough terrain during a bike ride through mountains

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Cognitive rehabilitation for mild TBI

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7/8/2016
Lt. Cmdr. Mary Rhodes, a psychiatrist, talks with a patient. (U.S. Army photo by Spc. Lance Hartung)

Health care professionals treating patients with concussion can learn more about cognitive rehabilitation practices from a recent #DCoEwebinar.

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Army partners with MIT Lincoln Lab on voice analysis program to detect brain injury

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7/1/2016
Service members are at higher risk for TBI because their jobs are physically demanding and potentially dangerous, both in combat and training environments. However, not all blows or jolts to the head result in TBI. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Paige Behringer)

Researchers with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory are developing a computer algorithm to identify vocal indicators that could help diagnose mild traumatic brain injury or concussion

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Technician Discusses TBI Research

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5/20/2016
Technician Discusses TBI Research

Richard Benjamin, lead physical science technician at the Army Research Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., discusses using technology to better understand traumatic brain injuries.

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Scientists probe Traumatic Brain Injury effects at research lab

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5/20/2016
Sensors attached to a translucent model skull are used to measure explosive shock velocity and pressure at the Army Research Laboratory Weapons and Materials Research Directorate at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Aberdeen, Maryland. Data captured by the sensors are used to assist studies in traumatic brain injuries. (DoD photo by EJ Hersom)

The Army Research Laboratory’s specialized experiments offer repeatable parameters to attain more reliable data and to complement strides made by the Department of Veterans Affairs and the medical and academic communities

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TBI patient recovers with help from a canine friend

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5/13/2016
Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury staff members admire Lundy, a service dog, as his owner Jake Young (far right), a former Navy SEAL, looks on.

When Jake Young, a former Navy SEAL, was asked to train a service dog as a form of therapy, he wasn’t exactly sold on the idea

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