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How HIPAA Protects You

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is designed to balance privacy, efficiency, and quality. A covered entity generally does not need your permission to share your protected health information (PHI) with another covered entity for treatment, payment, or healthcare operations, commonly referred to as TPO. For example, a doctor will generally not ask your permission before:

  • Sending your records to a second doctor for a second opinion (treatment);
  • Consulting with another health care provider regarding your medical status (treatment);
  • Asking TRICARE for reimbursement for the services you received (payment);
  • Sharing medical services provided for coverage and justification of charges (payment);
  • Reviewing your records to conduct MHS provider training programs, including certification and licensing (health care operations); and
  • Reviewing your records to see if your doctor followed protocol (health care operations).

However, HIPAA does give you the right to:

  • Learn how the Military Health System (MHS) will use and disclose your PHI;
  • Request to limit who can access your PHI;
  • Find out when a covered entity discloses your PHI to others;
  • Request to view and receive a copy of your PHI; and
  • Request to amend your PHI if incorrect or incomplete.

HIPAA also requires the MHS to:

  • Make sure your PHI is stored securely if maintained electronically;
  • Make sure your PHI is available when you need healthcare; and
  • Notify you if your PHI is lost or stolen.

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Jul 26, 2012

Designation of a TMA HIPAA Privacy and Security Officer

.PDF | 146.05 KB

This Memorandum announces the HIPAA Privacy (6025.18-R) and Security (8580.02-R) for DHA who is responsible for the development and implementation of policies and procedures required under each set of regulations.

  • Identification #: N/A
  • Type: Memorandums
Dec 2, 2009

Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information in DoD Health Care Programs

This Instruction reissues DoD Directive (DoDD) 6025.18 as a DoD Instruction in accordance with the authority in DoD Directive 5124.02. It also establishes policy and assigns responsibilities for implementation of the standards for privacy of individually identifiable health information in accordance with parts 160 and 164 of title 45, Code of Federal ...

  • Identification #: DoD Instruction 6025.18
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Sep 27, 2005

Expediting Veterans Benefits to Members with Serious Injuries and Illness

.PDF | 274.25 KB

This Memorandum outlines the roles of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) in identifying an initiative to expedite data exchange between the DoD and the VA for "seriously injured" members, and those members entering the Physical Evaluation Board Process. The goal is to assist the VA in its efforts to better ...

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Aug 21, 1996

Public Law 104 191

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Last Updated: July 11, 2023
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