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Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genusEbolavirus. There are five identified Ebolavirus species, four of which have caused disease in humans: Zaire ebolavirus; Sudan ebolavirus; Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus; and Bundibugyo ebolavirus. The fifth, Reston ebolavirus, has caused disease in nonhuman primates but not in humans.

Ebola is found in several African countries. The first Ebola species was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks have appeared sporadically in Africa.

The natural reservoir host of Ebola remains unknown. However, on the basis of available evidence and the nature of similar viruses, researchers believe that the virus is animal-borne with bats being the most likely reservoir. Four of the five subtypes occur in an animal host native to Africa.

Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website to learn more about Ebola:

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Airmen practice Ebola safety during Exercise Mobility Solace

A Transportation Isolation System is loaded onto a C-17 Globemaster III aircraft during Exercise Mobilty Solace at Joint Base Charleston, South Carolina.

Airmen flew an aeromedical evacuation of a simulated Ebola patient from Joint Base Charleston, South Carolina, to Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, during Exercise Mobility Solace

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Rise of the bugs, and the DoD Biosurveillance Enterprise

String-like Ebola virus particles shed from an infected cell are seen here in this electron micrograph. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases photo)

Global Emerging Infections Surveillance, part of the Defense Health Agency’s Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch, keeps a watch for emerging infectious diseases

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Army researchers make advances in global health with development of Ebola vaccine

administering a vaccine/shot

Research is advancing on two promising vaccine candidates that may help prevent the spread of the Ebola virus, furthering the MHS’ work in global health engagement and force health protection.

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MHS research symposium highlights importance of infectious disease research

A health care worker attending the Department of Defense Ebola Treatment Training Team’s class at the National Police Training Academy, Paynesville, Liberia, recovers after encountering an expert patient trainer who simulated a suspected Ebola patient who becomes confused and aggressive during his stay at an Ebola treatment unit.

Experts united to discuss the battle against the invisible enemy - infectious diseases.

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Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center monitors medical threats to service members

The Global Emerging Infections Surveillance (GEIS) Operations section provided funding for DoD laboratories involved in the Ebola Outbreak Response in West Africa

The newest member of DHA, the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, works to counter health threats such as infectious diseases with surveillance information that can help maintain and enhance the health of service members and their families.

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Exercise tests, demonstrates new DOD capabilities

Members of the Omaha Fire and Rescue Department load a simulated patient into an ambulance during exercise Patriot 15, at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska.

Exercise Patriot 15, an interagency field training exercise used to practice domestic operations within the U.S., occurred July 23 at Offutt Air Force Base. The annual exercise included aeromedical evacuation of patients with highly infectious illnesses from Volk Field, Wisconsin, to Offutt AFB; however, this was not the first time a scenario like ...

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction: Post-Deployment Policy for 21-day Controlled Monitoring


Ebola Fact Sheet for Families of Deploying Personnel

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The President and the Secretary of Defense have called upon the men and women of the US armed forces and other government personnel to provide critical support as part of the international response to the Ebola outbreaks in West Africa. This Fact Sheet highlights the actions that are in place prior to, during, and after deployment in order to protect ...

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Pre-Deployment, Deployment, and Post-Deployment Training, Screening, and Monitoring Guidance for Department of Defense Personnel Deployed to Ebola Outbreak Areas


Department of Defense (DoD) personnel (Service members and civilian employees)deployed to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defined Ebola outbreak areas will complete pre and post-deployment screening and training requirements outlined in this memorandum and supplemented by United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM) guidance.

Detecting and Reporting DoD Cases of Ebola Virus Disease Infection


Guidance as of 17 OCT 2014 from the Department of Defese (AFHSC)for Detecting and Reporting DoD Cases of Ebola Virus Disease Infection

CDC Ebola Fact Sheet

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A fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control describing Ebola, transimission, signs and symptoms, risk of exposure, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

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